Remembering Terry Hayes DFC

I was saddened to hear of the passing this week of Terry Hayes DFC, formerly of the Australian Army Aviation Corps. A decorated helicopter pilot from the Vietnam conflict, Terry’s efforts in 1972 are largely unknown.



A RAAF Caribou aircraft carrying three crew and 26 passengers had disappeared whilst flying between Lae and Port Moresby in Papua New Guinea on the afternoon of 28 August 1972. A search operation was started late that afternoon involving a range of RAAF, Army and civilian aircraft.

Lieutenant Terry Hayes from the  Army’s Lae-based 183rd Reconnaissance Flight had been involved, flying a Sioux helicopter, in the search for the missing Caribou since the morning of 29 August 1972. Hayes had previously flown Sioux helicopters in Vietnam and had been awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross (DFC) for safely landing after his helicopter had been shot down in November 1970.

On 31 August 1972 he was flying Army Sioux A1-640 and had taken off from Wau in Morobe province at 1.36pm to search the local area. After searching the area allotted to him, he had some fuel remaining and decided to do another search of the Korpera River valley area south of Wau. The Army aviators had been unhappy with the level of effort given to searching the Korpera River valley and Kudjeru Gap areas earlier in the week and decided to do a further search of the area.

The search was a slow process and conducted at a relatively low height above the jungle canopy. Hayes later recalled:

I was working my way down the river valley on the southern side of the gap.The gap is around 9,500 ft, and I was down to tree top level at about 8,000 ft, circling over the canopy using rotor wash to blow away the trees in order to see the ground, well below. 

At around 3.00pm that day Hayes spotted smoke near the banks of the Korpera River about 33 kilometres south-southwest of Wau. The smoke caught his attention and he flew closer to investigate, spotting two people. He later recalled:

The jungle canopy covered the terrain as far as the eye could see, with no breaks at all, never mind places to land. The first thing I saw was smoke drifting through the treetops, and on moving to that area, saw two boys in jungle green shorts and shirts, waving frantically.

One of the survivors, Patrick Gau, later recalled that Terry Hayes waved from his helicopter and threw red and yellow powder onto the foliage near where they were standing.

Unable to land because of the jungle and without any ability to rescue the boys, he radioed for support, and two Army Pilatus flew to the area. Hayes recalled that the first Porter probably arrived within fifteen minutes.  It then circled above Hayes’ Sioux helicopter to relay radio messages as the Sioux’s VHF radio was not effective in mountainous terrain.  The Porter relayed a message to the Rescue Co-ordination Centre:


Another Pilatus Porter aircraft went in search of the RAAF Iroquois helicopters which were also involved in the search, as he had been unable to make radio contact with them. The Iroquois helicopters were each fitted with a winch and carried a crewman and were the only option available to rescue the survivors. The RAAF Iroquois subsequently arrived in the area and winched the survivors to safety. They were then able to guide the searchers to the Caribou crash site several kilometres away near a mountain ridge.

Hayes’ decision to persist in the search for the missing Caribou was undoubtedly the single factor that saw the survivors rescued and the crash site located.

The two RAAF Iroquois commanders were subsequently awarded the Air Force Cross (AFC) for their work in the rescue and recovery effort and several Army personnel were made Members of the Order of Australia (AM) for work in the rescue and recovery at the crash site. The contribution of Terry Hayes was largely forgotten.

O’Meara visits the grave of Willie Redmond MP

Today I was fortunate to have Tom Burke from Dublin send me a copy of a page from the visitors’ book kept at the grave of Irish nationalist MP Willie Redmond. Redmond had been elected to the House of Representatives and was aged 53 when he died on 7 June 1917 whilst serving as a Major with the Royal Irish Rifles. An Irish nationalist himself, Martin O’Meara, Australia’s only Irish-born VC of the First World War, visited the grave in February 1918 when his battalion was stationed nearby.


Martin O’Meara’s VC medal returning to Ireland

The Victoria Cross medal awarded to Martin O’Meara, Australia’s only Irish-born Victoria Cross recipient of the First World War, will be in Ireland within a few days. This is the first time the medal has been in Ireland since late 1917 when O’Meara briefly visited his family in Co. Tipperary.

The medal is owned by the Australian Government and is being lent to the National Museum of Ireland where it will be on public display.

Coincidentally, today is the 102nd anniversary of Martin O’Meara visiting Buckingham Palace to be presented with the medal by King George V. A few years ago, whilst researching my biography of Martin O’Meara, I stumbled across some old footage of him getting his VC from the King.

Click here to have a look. O’Meara appears at about the 21 second mark.

The Most Fearless and Gallant Solider I Have Ever Seen, the biography of Martin O’Meara VC, is available to order worldwide from a wide range of online outlets including Lulu, Amazon, Booktopia, Foyles, Waterstones, Angus & Robertson, Books Kinokuniya, WH Smith, FlipkartBooks-a-Million, Fishpond, Walmart, Alibris, Dubray Books, Book Depository, Powells, Wordery, Regimental Books and Barnes & Noble.

It’s also stocked at the Army Museum of Western Australia.